Sigmund Freud

Sigmund Freud was an Austrian neurologist and the founder of psychoanalysis, a clinical method for treating psychopathology through dialogue between a patient and a psychoanalyst. Freud was born on May 6, 1856, in the Moravian town of Příbor, which was then part of the Austrian Empire and is now in the Czech Republic. He lived and worked in Vienna, having set up his clinical practice there in 1886. Freud's work has influenced fields including psychiatry, anthropology, literature, and philosophy, and his theories on the unconscious mind, mechanisms of repression, and the concept of the Oedipus complex have become cultural touchstones. Freud passed away on September 23, 1939.


This list of books are ONLY the books that have been ranked on the lists that are aggregated on this site. This is not a comprehensive list of all books by this author.

  1. 1. The Interpretation of Dreams

    This groundbreaking work explores the theory that dreams are a reflection of the unconscious mind and a means of understanding our deepest desires, anxieties, and fantasies. The book delves into the symbolism of dreams and their connection to repressed thoughts and experiences, proposing that they are a form of wish fulfillment. The author also introduces the concept of "dream work," which transforms these unconscious thoughts into the content of dreams, and discusses various methods of dream interpretation.

  2. 2. Civilization and Its Discontents

    This book is a seminal work in the field of psychology, exploring the inherent tension between civilization and the individual. The author, a famed psychologist, argues that civilization's imposition of societal norms and restrictions leads to individual unhappiness and discontent. He delves into the conflict between the human desire for freedom and society's need for order, suggesting that this tension is at the root of much human suffering. The book further explores concepts such as the super-ego, guilt, and the death drive, offering profound insights into the human psyche.

  3. 3. Three Essays on the Theory of Sexuality

    This book is a seminal work that presents the author's theories on human sexuality, including his concept of sexual development through psychosexual stages. It explores topics such as the sexual aberrations, infantile sexuality, and the transformation of puberty. The author argues that sexual drive is present from birth, and that children go through several stages of sexual development. He also discusses the idea of sexual perversions and their origins. This book is considered a foundational text in the field of psychoanalysis.

  4. 4. A General Introduction to Psycho-Analysis

    This book is a comprehensive introduction to the field of psychoanalysis, presented by its founder. It explores the unconscious mind, dreams, and the theory of neuroses. The author delves into the mechanisms of the mind, such as repression and resistance, and how these can lead to psychological issues. He also discusses his controversial theories on sexual desire as a driving force in human behavior. The book provides an in-depth understanding of the human psyche and the techniques used in psychoanalysis to treat mental disorders.

  5. 5. Three Case Histories

    "Three Case Histories" is a compilation of three of the most famous case studies by a renowned psychoanalyst, exploring the complexities of the human mind. The book includes the cases of 'Little Hans', a boy with a phobia of horses, 'The Rat Man', an obsessive-compulsive patient, and 'The Wolf Man', a wealthy Russian aristocrat suffering from a variety of psychoneurotic symptoms. The author uses these cases to demonstrate his theories on psychoanalysis, childhood sexuality, the interpretation of dreams, and the subconscious.

  6. 6. The Unconscious

    This book delves into the complex workings of the human mind, exploring the concept of the unconscious. The author posits that our conscious mind is only a small fraction of who we are, and that a vast part of our thoughts, feelings, and behaviors are driven by unconscious processes. He discusses theories on dreams, slips of the tongue, and neuroses, arguing that these are all manifestations of unconscious desires and conflicts. The book provides a foundation for understanding psychoanalysis and the author's influential theories on the human psyche.

  7. 7. The Ego and the Id

    This book presents a detailed exploration of the human psyche, delving into the complex relationship and interaction between the conscious and unconscious mind. The author introduces his structural model of the mind, dividing it into the id, ego, and superego. The id is driven by primal urges, the ego seeks to mediate between the id and reality, and the superego represents internalized societal norms. The book examines how these parts of the mind conflict and cooperate, and how they influence human behavior and mental health.

  8. 8. Group Psychology and the Analysis of the Ego

    This book delves into the exploration of group dynamics and mass psychology. The author, a renowned psychologist, theorizes about the nature of groups, how they form, and how individuals within them behave. He also explores the concept of the 'ego' and its role within these group dynamics. The book provides a comprehensive analysis of group psychology, focusing on aspects such as leadership, suggestion and contagion, and the relationship between individual and group mind. It's a significant contribution to the understanding of mass movements and crowd behavior.

  9. 9. Beyond the Pleasure Principle

    Beyond the Pleasure Principle is a seminal work in which the author introduces his theory of the death drive, arguing that human behavior is driven not only by the instinct to seek pleasure and avoid pain (the pleasure principle), but also by a fundamental, unconscious compulsion towards self-destruction (the death drive). The book is notable for its exploration of traumatic memory and repetition compulsion, as well as for its controversial departure from the author's previous theories of psychoanalysis.

  10. 10. New Introductory Lectures on Psycho-Analysis

    This book is a collection of lectures by a renowned psychoanalyst, offering an introduction to his theories on the human mind. It explores the concept of the unconscious mind, the structure of personality, and the mechanisms of defense. The book also delves into the interpretation of dreams, the significance of jokes, and the theory of sexuality. The author's theories have been instrumental in shaping the field of psychology and psychotherapy, making this book a valuable resource for students, psychologists, and anyone interested in understanding human behavior.

  11. 11. Instincts and Their Vicissitudes

    "Instincts and Their Vicissitudes" is a psychological analysis that explores the concept of instincts, their transformation, and their impact on human behavior. The book delves into the complexities of human instincts, proposing that they can be suppressed, redirected, or even reversed, and discusses their role in shaping our actions, desires, and anxieties. The author also examines the relationship between instincts and the conscious and unconscious mind, offering a comprehensive understanding of human psychology.

  12. 12. On Narcissism

    "On Narcissism" is an influential psychological work that explores the concept of narcissism, which is characterized by excessive self-love or self-centeredness. The author delves into the origins and development of narcissism, distinguishing between primary narcissism seen in infants who have not yet differentiated themselves from the outside world, and secondary narcissism in adults. The book argues that narcissism is a necessary stage in normal development, but can also be a characteristic of various mental health disorders if it persists into adulthood. The author also introduces the concept of the ego ideal, which plays a critical role in the development of the self and its relations to others.

  13. 13. Observations on "Wild" Psycho-Analysis

    This book is a critique and analysis of psychoanalysis practiced without proper training or understanding. The author argues that such "wild" psychoanalysis can be harmful and misleading, as it often leads to incorrect interpretations and misdiagnoses. The book also discusses the importance of professional training and adherence to established psychoanalytic methods, emphasizing that psychoanalysis is a complex and nuanced discipline that requires a deep and thorough understanding.

  14. 14. The Future Prospects of Psycho-Analytic Therapy

    This book presents an exploration of the potential future of psychoanalytic therapy as seen by its most famous proponent. It discusses the theory and practice of psychoanalysis, its potential benefits and drawbacks, and the challenges faced by the discipline in its continued development. The author also addresses the potential for psychoanalysis to contribute to a broader understanding of human behavior and mental health, and considers the implications of these insights for the future of therapy and counseling.

  15. 15. Selected Papers on Hysteria

    This book is a collection of papers that delve into the psychological condition known as hysteria. The author explores the symptoms, causes, and treatments of the condition, using case studies and his own professional observations. He also examines the role that unconscious thoughts and suppressed emotions play in the manifestation of hysteria. The book offers valuable insights into the understanding of human behavior and the complexities of the mind.

  16. 16. The Origin and Development of Psycho-Analysis

    This book offers an in-depth exploration of the birth and evolution of psychoanalysis as a field of study. The author, a pioneer in the field, delves into the intricacies of the human mind, presenting theories on dream interpretation, the unconscious, and the impact of childhood experiences on adult behavior. The book also provides insight into therapeutic techniques used in psychoanalysis, emphasizing the importance of understanding the underlying causes of psychological disorders for effective treatment.

  17. 17. Repression

    This book delves into the concept of repression, a fundamental aspect of psychoanalytic theory. The author explores the idea that individuals often repress memories, particularly those associated with trauma or discomfort, pushing them into the unconscious mind. This repression, however, can lead to various psychological issues such as anxiety, depression, and neurosis. The book also discusses the therapeutic process of making the unconscious conscious, enabling individuals to confront and deal with these repressed memories.

  18. 18. Thoughts for the Times on War and Death

    This book is a profound exploration of the psychological impact of war and death on the human psyche. The author, a renowned psychologist, delves into the collective guilt and anxiety experienced by society during wartime, and the denial of death's inevitability as a self-preserving mechanism. He also discusses the disillusionment that arises when the veneer of civilization is stripped away, revealing the primal instincts beneath. The book is a deep, philosophical discussion about the human condition, morality, and the psychological consequences of war and death.

  19. 19. Inhibitions, Symptoms, and Anxiety

    This book is a comprehensive exploration of the psychoanalytic theories of anxiety, as well as the role of inhibition and symptoms in mental health. The author delves into the idea that anxiety is a result of repressed libidinal energy and presents his theories on the causes and treatments of neuroses. The book also discusses the relationship between the conscious and unconscious mind, and the impact of childhood experiences on adult behavior.